Randolph Mayfield (ca. 1760 - after 1822) of Casey County KY
This Randolph Mayfield seems to have been a
member of the
Migration Group, who arrived in KY from South Carolina in about 1796.
The Mayfield portion of this group seems to have included Randolph plus two of
brothers and their families, i.e., Isaac Mayfield
Micajah Mayfield (d. 1798).
THE NAME "RANDOLPH"
If Randolph Mayfield was born sometime in the
early 1760's, which seems likely, and if Randolph's parents were originally from
VA, which is also very likely; then, his name may have been bestowed in honor of
a prominent VA politician of the time - Peyton Randolph (1721-1775). Peyton
Randolph was the Speaker of the VA House of Burgesses from 1748-1775. He was an
outspoken opponent of Parliament's tax policies, particularly the Stamp Act.
Randolph was the President of both the first (1774) and the second (1775)
Continental Congresses. He died suddenly of a stroke in Philadelphia on 22 Oct
Another possibility is that, though he went by the name of Randolph or Randol,
his full name may actually have been William Randolph Mayfield. The immigrant
ancestor of the VA Randolph family was named William Randolph (1651-1711), who
first arrived in VA in 1673. Also, the county clerk for Albemarle County
VA, when John Mayfield of Albemarle lived there in the 1750's, was a man named
William Randolph. Randolph Mayfield's grandson, my great-grandfather, was
named William Randolph Mayfield (1834-1914) -- perhaps in honor of his
THE FATHER OF RANDOLPH MAYFIELD
Many Mayfield researchers have conjectured that
Randolph is a son of the Isaac Mayfield who died in Lincoln County KY in 1795.
However, I have serious doubts about this conjecture as I have never been able
to find the slightest bit of evidence which would support such a relationship.
My current thinking is that Randolph is a younger brother of the Isaac Mayfield
(1742-1822) who died in Lauderdale County, Alabama in 1822 [see number 3) below]
and, thus, may be a son of the legendary
John Mayfield and Mary Stanwix.
1) Lindsay W. Mayfield Letter
In a letter, dated 27 April 1935, to Ella Mayfield Taylor of Pulaski County KY,
Lindsay W. Mayfield makes the following comment:
" ... another of this line is to be found in Attorney W. I. Mayfield, Lebanon,
Mo., whose ancestor William Randolph and John Mayfield came to that section in
the 30's. The above Randolph (of Greenville?) was I am told in some way
connected to the family of Valentine ... Mayfield. ..."
The "William Randolph and John Mayfield" of Lebanon referred to above are my
great-grandfather, William Randolph Mayfield ( who was born in Casey County KY
in 1834 and died in Lebanon MO in 1914) and his brother, John Mayfield
(1830-1872). Valentine Mayfield appears to be a son of the Abraham Mayfield who
died in Granville County NC in 1778. If true, then Valentine would be a brother
of the John Mayfield who married Mary Stanwix and an uncle of Randolph Mayfield.
2) Sims Family Connection
Much more research is needed before the question of Randolph's paternity can be
finally resolved. In particular, his possible connection to the Sims/Simms
family needs to be studied. Some Mayfield researchers have asserted (without
providing any evidence) that Randolph's wife was named Elizabeth Sims. Also, one
of Randolph's sons, Elijah, is supposed to have married a certain Elizabeth
"Sims" in Casey County KY in 1808, when she was only 13 years old! We also know
(a marriage bond exists) that a certain John Mayfield (b. 1749) of Warren County
NC married a Mary "Simms" in 1773. Randolph may be closely related (perhaps a
nephew) to this John Mayfield, who ultimately migrated to Franklin County GA
where his Bible record has been published by the GA Historical Society.
3) Probable Brother of Isaac Mayfield (d. 1822)
In a court record published in the "NATCHEZ TRACE TRAVELER" , LAUDERDALE COUNTY,
ALABAMA, Vol. 12, No. 4, Nov 1992, concerning a dispute among the heirs of Isaac
Mayfield, who died on 20 February 1822 in Lauderdale County AL, there is the
following statement by Brice Moore Mayfield, a son of Isaac:
... his father had a horse for which this
respondent gave him a mare of much Greater value that on a visit to his Brother
in Lincoln County said mare got killed by accident that afterward this
respondent let him have a horse to ride which horse he generally rode until his
death and to which the said Isaac has no title or claim whatever but was
permitted to use him as he pleased ...
Per the above quotation, the respondent, Brice M. Mayfield, addresses the
question about a horse and mare. Brice states that a mare, belonging to his
father Isaac, was killed in an accident while Isaac was visiting his brother in
Lincoln County. Who was this brother? I can only make an educated guess as to
the name of the brother. But if the "Lincoln County" so referenced is Lincoln
County TN, the only Mayfield resident in that county of appropriate age and
gender, of whom I am aware, would be Randolph Mayfield (c. 1762 - aft. 1822) --
the 1820 Federal Census for Lincoln County TN makes this fact very clear.
RANDOLPH MAYFIELD IN VIRGINIA
Even though the use of the name "Randolph"
strongly implies a VA origin for this man, I could find no mention of any
Randolph Mayfield in any of the Colonial VA records.
RANDOLPH MAYFIELD IN WASHINGTON COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA
At the North Carolina State Archives, there are
five (5) references to a Randolph Mayfield in the "Specie Certificates Paid into
the Comptroller, NC Revolutionary Army Accounts." They were all in the 1782-83
time frame, and the names of the auditors involved (see below), indicates that
this Randolph was a resident of either Sullivan or Washington County at the
time. I have never found a reference to any Mayfields as early residents of
Sullivan County, but there are many Mayfield references for Washington County. I
made a pretty thorough check of all the early court records of Washington County
TN (when it was part of NC) and talked to the people at the local historical
society. Unfortunately, I could find no references to anyone named Randolph
Mayfield except for the "Specie Certificates."
The following is a quote from an explanatory document concerning the specie
certificates, which I photocopied while at the NC State Archives in May 1998:
... The North Carolina Revolutionary Army
Accounts represent one of the most perplexing sets of records in the North
Carolina State Archives. ... Specie certificates were issued to persons having
claims against the State by the district boards of auditors, the county
commissioners of specific taxes, and the commissioners appointed to settle the
claims of the continental soldiers. Certificates were issued for both military
service and supplies furnished. They stated the amount due the claimant in
specie, and bore interest. The State redeemed these certificates by several
methods, one of which was the opening for entry of the western lands (now
Tennessee). Western lands were opened to the citizens of the State for
settlement, and title to the land was obtained by entering the lands with John
Armstrong, entry taker at Hillsborough, having the lands surveyed, returning the
survey to the Secretary of State, and receiving a grant from the office of the
secretary. An entry fee of ten pounds per hundred acres was required, and it was
through this fee that the State redeemed the certificates. Fees could be paid in
specie, specie certificates, currency certificates reduced by the scale of
depreciation, and other certificates as rated by law. ...
The five Specie Certificate records for Randolph Mayfield are shown below. Data
is presented in the following order - Certificate Number, By Whom Granted, Date,
Amt in Pds, Vol #, Pg #, Folio #.
#3659, Carter & Williams, 12 Jun 1783, 9/3/8 Pds,
Vol I, Pg 17, Folio 4
#3690, Carter & Williams,12 Jun 1783, 30/12/0 Pds, Vol I, Pg 21, Folio 4
#0024, Carter & Williams, 12 Jun 1783, 0/16/0 Pds, Vol I, Pg 34, Folio 2
#0526, Bledsoe & Williams, 12 Jun 1783, 5/1/2 Pds, Vol I, Pg 65, Folio 4
#0167, Bledsoe & Williams, 20 Jun 1782, 4/19/6 Pds, Vol I, pg 92, Folio 4
It should be noted that the names "Carter &
Williams" and "Bledsoe & Williams" refer to the North Carolina officials making
the disbursements. These men only operated in the Morgan Fiscal District for
Sullivan and Washington Counties. Thus Randolph was almost certainly a resident
of one of those two counties in the 1782-1783 time frame.
RANDOLPH MAYFIELD IN SOUTH CAROLINA
The next record of a person named Randolph
Mayfield is the 1790 Federal Census for South Carolina. There was a Randolph
Mayfield living in Greenville County SC (Ninety-Six District) as of the date of
the 1790 Federal Census. Per the census, this Randolph had a household in 1790
composed as follows:
Free White Males 16 Years and Up - 1
Free White Males Under 16 - 2
Free White Females All Ages - 3
Total People - 6
A close review of the 1790 SC census indicates that there were five out of the
seven households (including Randolph's) that were geographically close to each
other in Greenville County, i. e., the following:
Mickagah [sic] Mayfield
Two other Mayfield households were also listed for Greenville - those of Thomas
and Abraham Mayfield, but they appear to be geographically somewhat distant from
the other five. The implication, although a very weak one, is that the five
Mayfield's found in the same geographic area were fairly closely related, e. g.,
brothers or father and sons. However, at least three of the four Mayfield names
(Isaac, Jesse, and Mikajah) appear to be sons of John Mayfield and the legendary
Mary Stanwix! The fourth name, John Mayfield, may be same person as John the son
of Isaac Mayfield (1742-1822). This John Mayfield purportedly was born in 1768
and died in Pulaski County KY in 1813. If Randolph is indeed a brother of Isaac,
Jesse and Micajah, he would also be a son of John and Mary Stanwix Mayfield.
This legendary couple may have come to North Carolina from New York in about the
year 1781 and subsequently removed to Greenville County, South Carolina by about
In SC after the Revolution, there were were twelve Mayfield land grants issued
prior to the year 1800, but none for Randolph. Four of these grants that lay
within the bounds of Greenville County are as follows:
Jesse Mayfield - 166 Acres, Ninety-Six District, 01 Jan 1787
Micajah Mayfield - 123 Acres, Ninety-Six District, 07 Apr 1788
Isaac Mayfield - 150 Acres, Ninety-Six District, 02 Mar 1789
Abraham Mayfield - 176 Acres, Ninety-Six District, 02 Apr 1792
Curiously, I could find no land records for a Randolph Mayfield, in Ninety-Six
District or anywhere else in the time frame before 1800. Possibly he acquired
his land by assignment from someone else, who had accomplished the survey but
had not yet obtained the patent (title). It is also possible that he may have
been a "squatter," i.e., held only "tomahawk rights" to land in Greenville
County when he was resident there.
The Greenville land records indicate that at least two of the land owning
Mayfields, who were resident in that county in 1790, had begun to sell their
land in that county by the early 1793-1794 time frame. Micajah Mayfield sold his
123 acres in 1793 and Isaac Mayfield sold 200 acres in 1794. However, Jesse
Mayfield (another probable brother of Randolph) did not sell his 166-acre grant
RANDOLPH MAYFIELD IN KNOX COUNTY TN
Unfortunately, although Knox County (then part of
North Carolina), was formed from Green and Hawkins Counties in 1792, the only
tax lists that have survived for the early years of that County are for the
years 1796 and 1803-1828. The 1796 Tax List shows that both a Randolph Mayfield
and a Micajah Mayfield owed the poll tax that year but had left the county. This
indicates that Randolph and his brother Micajah Mayfield had left South Carolina
by at least 1796 if not earlier.
RANDOLPH MAYFIELD IN LINCOLN COUNTY KY
1) Tax Records:
The earliest record in Kentucky re a Randolph Mayfield, that I have been able to
find, is a 1797 poll tax record for Lincoln County. However, he may have been in
the area as early as the latter part of 1796 as his son, Isaac Mayfield, is
reputed to have been born in Kentucky.
1797 - Randle Mayfield, 1 White Poll (WP), 4 Horses
1798 - No Records Are Extant
1799 - Randle Mayfield, 1 WP, 5 Horses, 180 Acres of Land
1800 - Randolph Mayfield, 1 WP, 5 Horses
1801 - Randolph Mayfield, 1 WP, 4 Horses
1802 - Randolph Mayfield, 1 WP, 4 Horses
1803 - Randolph Mayfield, 1 WP, 5 Horses, 165 Acres of Land
1804 - Extant records Are Incomplete
1805 - Randolph Mayfield, 1 WP, 3 Horses
1806 - Randolph Mayfield, 1 WP, 3 Horses
Note: Casey County was formed out of Lincoln in 1807; Randolph's farm fell
within the bounds of this new county.
1807 - No Mayfields Noted
1808 - No Mayfields Noted
2) Land Records:
Randolph apparently surveyed (in March 1799) but never patented a 165-acre tract
of land on the Green River (west side of Fishing Creek), in Lincoln County (see
photocopy on the right).
Kandie Adkinson of the KY Secretary of State's Office is one of the foremost
experts on KY land grants. The following is a quote from her letter to me, dated
9 April 1998, concerning KY land entered/surveyed for Randolph Mayfield:
... Enclosed is a Warrant/Certificate and Survey,
filed with the South of the Green River Series, for Randolph Mayfield. Under
this series the recipient of the Warrant had to meet age and residency
requirements (21 years of age and a one-year resident of the land in question).
The county commissioners approved Mayfield's request and issued his certificate
August 10, 1798. An entry reserving the land for patenting was made in the
County Surveyor's Entry Book November 14, 1798. The county surveyor made the
survey on March 7, 1799. Notice Randolph Mayfield marked trees for the surveying
party. For the South of the Green River Series, the Kentucky General Assembly
kept extending the time period for fee payment. You could honestly live on the
land, pay taxes, and never have clear title (the Grant). On the back of the
survey we see "state price not paid" indicating the grant was never issued to
Randolph. His heirs could have finished the process, but we do not have any
patents identified as "Heirs of Randolph Mayfield." This placed the land back in
the patenting process. ...
From the above we can conclude that Randolph was
in KY by at least 1797 (one year before he obtained a Warrant for his land) and
that, when he left KY to live in Lincoln County TN, he probably just abandoned
the land and made no effort to obtain title and sell it to another party.
RANDOLPH MAYFIELD IN CASEY COUNTY KY
The above cited Land Survey indicates that
Randolph's property (165 acres) was directly bordered by the Green River and at
the time of the survey (07 March 1799), lay within the boundaries of Lincoln
County KY. When Casey County was formed in 1807, the land fell within the
boundaries of this new county. For a satellite photo (taken in 2006) of Casey
County KY, click on the thumbnail shown on the left.
The poll tax lists for Casey County KY indicate
that Randolph Mayfield continued to reside in that County from 1807 to 1812.
Randolph also appears in the 1810 Federal Census for Casey County KY. The last
official record for Randolph in KY, that I have been able to find, is the Casey
County KY Poll Tax List for the year 1812.
RANDOLPH MAYFIELD IN Lincoln County TN
Based on the above review of the Casey County KY
tax lists, Randolph probably removed to Lincoln County TN either late in the
year 1812 or early in the year 1813. The earliest official record that I can
find for him in Lincoln County TN is for 11 May 1815, when he was summoned to
serve as a juror. I have found no record indicating that he ever owned any land
in TN. However, on 5 December 1815, Randolph made a deed of gift to his
grandchildren (children of his daughter Jenny who married Charles Hamilton) , i.
e., Nancy, Sally, James, Randolph and Jean Hamilton, of apparently all of his
more valuable personal property (cattle, feather bed, quilt, pewter dishes,
etc.). Randolph is shown in the 1820 Federal Census for Lincoln County TN. The
last record I can find for Randolph in TN is dated 17 April 1822, when Randolph
appeared in Lincoln County Court as a plaintiff in a lawsuit. I have found no
probate records or evidence of appointment of administrators for his estate.
However, he presumably died, intestate, in TN within a few years of his last
court appearance in 1822. Randolph's estate, at the time of his death, was
probably of such a limited extent that appointment of an administrator was
CHILDREN OF RANDOLPH MAYFIELD
I have no hard evidence regarding most of the
children of Randolph Mayfield. The 1810 Federal Census for Casey County KY shows
Randolph Mayfield with the following people in his household:
2 Males under age 10
2 Males age 10-16
3 Males age 16-26
1 Male age 45 & up (presumably this is Randolph himself)
2 Females under age 10
1 Female age 26-45 (presumably this is Randolph's wife)
One daughter, Jenny Mayfield, was already married (in 1805) by this time and
would not be shown as resident in Randolph's household. Accordingly, based on
the above, we should expect Randolph to have a total of 7 sons and 3 daughters -
10 children in all. Unfortunately, I have been able to find documentation in KY
and TN for only five sons (John, James, Elijah, Isaac and Randolph, Jr.) and one
daughter (Jenny). Also, I have personally researched in depth only one of
Randolph's children, James Mayfield (1791-1849), who died in LaClede County MO
in August 1849.
Data concerning four of the children (Thomas, Robert, Sally and Elizabeth) have
been taken from information provided by James Ragon of Jackson, Tennessee. James
collected the data from LDS File AFN:3MXG-NN. This file was submitted c.
1960-1970 by Bertha M. Harris, deceased as of Feb. 1983, formerly of 65 E. 100
N, Hyrum, UT, 84319. Bertha is probably a descendent of Elijah Mayfield as the
information pertaining to his family is the most complete. She is the same lady
who claims that Elijah Mayfield married Elizabeth Sims when she was only 13
years of age!
Based on the above, Randolph Mayfield had a total
of 10 children as follows:
1. Jenny Mayfield, born Abt. 1787 probably in
Greenville County SC. She married Charles Hamilton 02 July 1805 in Lincoln
County KY. Her marriage bond is dated 2 July 1805, Lincoln County KY;
Richard Mason is surety; consent of Randal Mayfield for the bride; witnessed by
2. John Mayfield, born Abt. 1789 in Greenville
County SC. This John Mayfield first appears in the Casey County KY Poll
Tax List for the year 1810 - thus indicating that he was 21 at that time. This
would indicate that John was born in about the year 1789.
3. James Mayfield, born 1791 probably in
Greenville County SC; died August 1849 in LaClede County MO.
4. Elijah Mayfield, born 30 March 1793 probably
in Greenville County SC; died 20 February 1855 in Orange County, Indiana.
5. Isaac Mayfield, born Abt. 1796 probably in
Lincoln County KY. He married Althea _____. This Isaac Mayfield first
appears in the Casey County KY Poll Tax List for the year 1817 - thus indicating
that he was 21 at that time. This would indicate that Isaac was born in about
the year 1796.
6. Thomas Mayfield, born Abt. 1799 in Lincoln
7. Sally Mayfield, born 1801 in Lincoln County
KY; died October 1866 in Hardeman County TN. She married John Spurlin Aft. 1828
in Hardeman County TN.
8. Elizabeth Mayfield, born Abt. 1803 in Lincoln
9. Robert Mayfield, born Abt. 1805 in Lincoln
10. Randolph Mayfield, born Abt. 1809 in Casey County
KY; died Abt. 1867 in Hardeman County TN. The following information
concerning Randolph is from "HARDEMAN COUNTY, TENNESSEE," edited by the Hardeman
County Historical Commission, Bolivar, TN (published 1979):
Mayfield, born in 1809 in Kentucky. He and his wife moved to Hardeman County
from Kentucky before 1830 and settled in the Piney Creek area close to what is
now "Mayfield's Crossroads." He farmed and operated a water mill.
They were the
parents of five children. (1) Archibald (Arch) Mayfield (1832), married first,
Mary Gee 1 November 1852; second Nancy Lambert 3 October 1859. (2) Hannah J.
Mayfield (1834), married Francis Marion Welch 5 March 1850, died about 1857.
Hannah and Francis Marion Welch were the parents of Mary, Isaac R., and Anne
Welch. (3) Diannah Mayfield (1836), married Nathan Gee 23 November 1853, moved
to Texas about 1875. (4) Malinda Emiline Mayfield (1837), married Steven Oliver
Babb 11 May 1858. (5) Mary Mayfield (1840), married James Young 9 November 1871.
Randolph's first wife died. He married second Elizabeth (Brewer?) Thompson 6
November 1843. Elizabeth Thompson born about 1814 in North Carolina had a son,
John Thompson born 25 January 1835, in North Carolina. He married Nancy Casey
Gee, widow of James Gee 10 March 1858, died 11 February 1920 and is buried in
Elizabeth Mayfield were the parents of eight children. (6) John Randolph
Mayfield* (1843), married Martha Ellen Jackson 10 November 1862. (7) Isaac
Mayfield (1845). (8) Sarah Cooper Mayfield (1846), married Thomas Burnsides
Fawcett 20 November 1862. (9) Elijah Mayfield (1848 - 1860). (10) James
Mayfield, Elijah's twin, (1848), married E. J. Haltom 24 January 1868. (11)
Pheby Ann Mayfield (1851), married John T. Henson 9 February 1868, buried
Concord Cemetery in Chickasaw State Park. (12) Martha Ella Mayfield (1853),
married William Kendred Barrett. They moved to Hazen, Arkansas and she is buried
there. (13) Willie Mayfield (1855), married J. H. Young 9 November 1871.
died about 1867 and is buried in Wesley Cemetery. Elizabeth Thompson Mayfield is
buried at Wesley Cemetery. ...