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William Randolph Mayfield and his wife Sarah Amanda Davis ca. 1900.

Mayfield Family Genealogy

Tombstone of Micajah Mayfield (1748-1838), Revolutionary War Veteran.

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Mayfield Families in the 1790 federal CENSUS

By Phil Norfleet

Congress originally authorized the establishment of a Federal Census to enumerate the United States population and, thus, determine each state's representation in the House of Representatives. The first Federal Census, in 1790, went only slightly beyond that scope to distinguish between males 16 and over, males under 16, all females, other free persons, and all slaves.

Extant Reports

Several of the 1790 schedules have been lost over the years, most of them during the War of 1812, when the British burned Washington DC.  However, eleven (11) of the State reports are extant; all have been published and indexed as follows:

1.  Connecticut

2.  Maine (although Maine was then still part of Massachusetts)

3.  Maryland (except Allegany, Calvert, and Somerset counties)

4.  Massachusetts

5.  New Hampshire

6.  New York

7.  North Carolina (except Caswell, Granville, and Orange counties; and all of what is now Tennessee)

8.  Pennsylvania

9.  Rhode Island

10. South Carolina

11. Vermont

With respect to Mayfield genealogy, the most serious losses are the reports for Tennessee (then a part of North Carolina), Virginia (which then included all of Kentucky) and Georgia.  Some attempts have been made to produce substitutes for these missing census reports by using tax lists.  Such attempts are better than nothing, but do leave much to be desired.  Incidentally, the published substitute reports for both Virginia and Georgia do not show any Mayfield families in those states.  I'm not sure about Georgia, but I do know that there were several Mayfields living in Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee in 1790.

Census Day

The Congressional legislation, that established the Federal Census requirement, designated one specific day as "census day." The information given to the census taker was to be correct as of that day;  It should be noted that this day was not necessarily the day that the enumeration was actually recorded at each house.  Persons who died after "census day" were to be included because they were alive on census day.  Children born after census day were to be omitted from the census reports.  These instructions were not always followed to the letter, but we must be aware of them and evaluate the census information as if they were followed. One should not assume that an entry contains errors or omissions before we have studied it and compared it with data from other sources. However, it is useful to note the date of the actual enumeration when it is given at the top of the page. It does show each family as residents of a given place on that day and may help in the interpretation of the information furnished in the report.  The "census day" for the 1790 enumeration was the first Monday in August 1790.

Mayfield Families in the 1790 Census

Based on my review of  the extant 1790 reports, it appears that most of the Mayfield families in the United States were then living in South Carolina.  The  table shown below presents the census data for those Mayfield families cited in the published Federal Census for 1790, augmented, where possible, by names obtained from Tax Lists for certain NC and VA counties.

The published book page number, on which each family appeared, is included in the table.  For most states and counties enumerated, the reports reflect the same order of names as were in the original reports produced by the individual census takers.  Accordingly, household names that are close to each other in the reports, probably were also living in fairly close geographical proximity as well.

Details concerning my opinions as to the identity of the South Carolina Mayfield families are presented at my SC Mayfield Website.

Those Mayfield heads-of-household about whom I have some biographical information have been hyperlinked.

State County Page # Name of Head-of-Household WM's =>16 WM's <16 WF's Slaves
               
IL*     1.  James Mayfield (From Land Records) 1 ? ? ?
               
      *Illinois Territory was part of NW Territories in 1790        
               
KY* Fayette*   1.  John Mayfield (From Tax List) 1 ? ? ?
KY* Jefferson*   2.  Micajah Mayfield (From Tax List) 1 ? ? ?
KY* Lincoln*   3.  Isaac Mayfield, Sr. (From Tax List) 1 ? ? ?
KY* Lincoln*   4.  Isaac Mayfield, Jr. (From Tax List) 1 ? ? ?
KY* Lincoln*   5.  George Mayfield (From Tax List) 1 ? ? ?
               
      *Above 3 Counties were part of VA in 1790        
               
MA Suffolk   1.  Edward Mayfield 1 0 2  
               
NC Warren 77 1.  Thomas Mayfield 1 1 5 23
NC Warren 78 2.  Abraham Mayfield 1 0 1 22
NC Warren 78 3.  Edward (Edmond?) Mayfield 1 1 2 3
NC Warren 78 4.  John Mayfield 2 5 4 5
NC Granville 90 5.  Abraham Mayfield (From Tax List) ? ? ? ?
NC Granville 90 6.  Valentine Mayfield (From Tax List) ? ? ? ?
               
SC Chester 14 1.  Abraham Mayfield 1 1 2 0
SC Chester 14 2.  Allen Mayfield 1 3 1 0
SC Chester 14 3.  Edmond Mayfield 1 3 2 0
SC Chester 14 4.  Elisha Mayfield 1 0 3 0
SC Chester 14 5.  Jonathan Mayfield 2 0 1 0
SC Chester 14 6.  Obediah Mayfield 1 0 2 0
SC Chester 14 7.  Robert Mayfield 1 1 1 0
SC Chester 14 8.  Stephen Mayfield 1 1 3 0
SC Fairfield 21 9.  Samuel Mayfield 1 0 5 0
SC Greenville 68 10. Isaac Mayfield 4 4 5 0
SC Greenville 68 11. Jesse Mayfield 1 3 2 0
SC Greenville 68 12. John Mayfield 3 0 2 0
SC Greenville 68 13. Micajah Mayfield 2 4 3 0
SC Greenville 68 14. Randolph Mayfield 1 2 3 0
SC Greenville 69 15. Thomas Mayfield 2 0 3 0
SC Greenville 70 16. Abraham Mayfield 1 1 1 0
SC Pendleton 82 17. Elijah Mayfield 1 0 6 0
SC Pendleton 82 18. Isham Mayfield 1 0 2 0
SC Pendleton 82 19. John Mayfield 1 0 1 0
SC Pendleton 82 20. Ambrose Mayfield 1 5 5 0
SC Pendleton 82 21. Stephen Mayfield 1 1 1 0
SC Pendleton 82 22. John Mayfield 4 5 2 0
SC Union 91 23. Mary Mayfield 2 2 2 0
SC Union 93 24. William Mayfield 1 1 2 0
SC York 29 25. Abraham Mayfield 1 1 1 0
               
TN* Davidson*   1.  Isaac Mayfield        
TN* Davidson*   2.  Margaret Mayfield (Widow of Southerland)        
               
      *Above county was part of NC in 1790        

 

 

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