Mayfield Families in the 1820 federal CENSUS
By Phil Norfleet
The United States Federal Census for 1820 identified a total of 112 Mayfield families in 13 states plus the District of Columbia. Detailed information is available at the hyperlinks set forth at the bottom of this page.
The official enumeration day for the 1820 Federal Census was 7 August 1820. All questions asked were supposed to refer to that date. The count was due within six months, but the due date was extended by law to allow completion within thirteen months. By 1820, there were a total of twenty-three states in the Union. Since the 1810 enumeration, six new states had been added, i.e., Louisiana, Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama and Maine. There was, however, a district wide loss for Arkansas Territory, Missouri Territory and New Jersey. Partial losses included half the counties in Alabama, and roughly 20 eastern Tennessee counties supervised by the Federal Court District out of Knoxville. Some of the schedules for these states have been re-created using tax lists and other records.
Enumerators of the 1820 census were asked to include the following categories in the census: name of head of household, number of free white males and females in age categories: 0 to 10, 10 to 16, 16 to 26, 26 to 45, 45 and older; number of other free persons except Indians not taxed; number of slaves; and town or district and county of residence. Additionally, the 1820 census for the first time asked the number of free white males 16 to 18; number of persons to be naturalized; number engaged in agriculture, commercial, or manufacture; number of "colored" persons (sometimes in age categories); and number of other persons except Indians.
Most entries were arranged in the order of visitation, but some were rearranged to appear in alphabetical order by initial letter of the surname.